European art, also known as Western Art has gone through multiple steps and changes over time. There are multiple stages in history in which this kind of art can be explained through. These stages include; medieval, renaissance, mannerism, baroque, romanticism, realism, modern and contemporary art Every stage of this forms of art work tend to encompass a unique culture, form and type of art representation. The renaissance art is therefore, a period of art representation that developed in Italy from about 1400. The type of representation emerged and thrived throughout the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries in Europe where it brought out a new era and form in artistic representation. This is based on the increased awareness of matters related to nature and a new perception where man was viewed as being individualistic and not based on a generalization. The art form can also be seen to be a depiction of the new stage of awareness that the society was going through such as the social and economic changes of the secularization of life, social mobility and a rise of an economy based on rationalism.The techniques applied in the renaissance form of European art are quite unique. These include; the formalization of use of proportion (Baxdall, 1974). This is a creation of visual relationship between the objects found in the forms of art. The use of foreshortening was also frequently applied where lines were drawn throughout the paintings, to create an illusion of depth. Italian Renaissance artist, Leonardo da Vinci, also introduced the application of the sfumato technique which is the use of a blurring and softening technique to allow blending in tone throughout the painting. Most of the artwork that emerged during this period therefore, represented most of these aspects and it became a style related to European art, in the long run. Below is an example of an European Renaissance art work by Leonardo da Vinci which depicts the aforementioned elements.